TekBox TBTC2 Open TEM Cell, rectangular area under the septum: 23 x 28 x 10 cm
Radiated emission tests are typically carried out in anechoic chambers, using antennas to pick up the radiated signals. Due to bandwidth limitations, several antennas are required to cover the complete frequency range. Furthermore, it requires much space and the cost of the equipment for a standard conformant setup is immense.
An engineer of a small or medium size enterprise usually has to rely on his experience and on best practice methods in order to design an EMC compliant product. Nevertheless, it is estimated that > 50% of products fail testing first time around. Anytime an engineer sends a new product for compliance testing, it is a shot in the dark. Failing is very expensive. Not only that re-testing costs are high, but also the project schedule and market introduction gets delayed.
What is needed is an affordable laboratory set up to measure radiated emissions in the own lab, prior to compliance testing. A TEM cell is the right piece of equipment for desktop testing of radiated emissions. Tekbox developed open TEM cells to cover the complete frequency range up to 2GHz and with usability even at frequencies beyond.
Combined with a spectrum analyzer, products can be tested before and after EMC related design modifications. A set up with a TEM cell will not deliver exactly the same quantitative results as a measurement in a certified test house, however it will give an excellent indication on whether the design suffers from excessive radiated noise or not. The engineer will clearly see, whether his changes improved or deteriorated the EMC performance or whether it remained unchanged. Using TEM cells eliminates the guesswork.
TBTC2 TEM cell dimensions:
Length: 636 mm
Width: 300 mm
Height: 205 mm
Septum height: 100 mm
Rectangular area under the septum: 23 cm x 28 cm x 10 cm
TEM cell connectors: N-female
Nominal cell impedance: 50 Ohm
Wave impedance: 377 Ohm
Maximum RF input power: 25W (limited by supplied 50 Termination)
Input return loss: S11 up to 800 MHz < -15dB, up to 1.5 GHz < -10dB, up to 3GHz < -14dB
Transmission loss: up to 800 MHz < 1 dB, up to 1.15 GHz < 3dB
A TEM cell is a stripline device for radiated emissions and immunity testing of electronic devices. It is not a replacement, but due to its size and cost it is a convenient alternative to measurements in an anechoic chamber.
A TEM cell consists of a septum, the conductive strip in the centre section and walls which are connected to ground. The geometry is designed to present a 50Ω stripline. The device under test (DUT) is placed in between the bottom wall and the septum.
The TBTC1/2/3 are so called “open TEM cells”, which got no side walls for convenient placement of the DUT. It may pick up RF background noise, which however can be taken into account by doing a measurement of the cell output signal before powering on the DUT.
Tekbox open TEM cells got a better frequency response compared to standard TEM cells of similar size. TEM cells suffer from higher order wave modes which limit the usable bandwidth. A unique design feature of the Tekbox TEM cells implements resistance perpendicular to the desired propagation direction of the wave. Consequently higher order wave modes and resonances are suppressed.
All TEM cells are supplied together with a 50Ω/25W RF termination, a DC block to protect the spectrum analyzer or RF receiver input and a N-Male to N-Male coaxial cable.
Nominal impedance: 50 Ohm
Max. continuous RF power: 2W
Max. continuous RF voltage: 50V RMS
Frequency: 500kHz to 6 GHz
VSWR: ≤ 1.2
Nominal impedance: 50 Ohm
Max. continuous RF power: 25W
Frequency: DC to 3 GHz
VSWR: ≤ 1.2
Third order intermodulation: ≤ 120 dBc
What is the usable volume of Tekbox TEM Cells?
The TBTC1 TEM cell has a septum height of 5cm and a septum width of 13cm. The flat section of the bottom plane has an area of 20cm x 20 cm.
The TBTC1 was designed to be a small device, that easily fits on a lab desk and which typically would be used to investigate spurious signals emitted by small to medium size PCB assemblies.
If the purpose is rather checking frequencies than levels of spurious signals, basically any DUT that would physically fit can be inserted into the TEM cell. For safety reason, an insulation distance of 0.5 cm to 1cm to the bottom and 1cm to the septum is recommended. Thus the usable height of a DUT would be limited to 3-4 cm. A consequence of a large DUT would be a degradation of the impedance matching of the TEM cell. Tests with large DUTs in the TBTC1 have shown the S11 to vary between the value at empty state and -10dB. Consequently, a physically large DUT adds to the uncertainty when it comes to estimate equivalent spurious levels that would be measured using antennas in an anechoic chamber set up.
The TBTC2 TEM cell has a septum height of 5cm and a septum width of 23cm. The flat section of the bottom plane has an area of 30cm x 30 cm. The TBTC2 was dimensioned according to specifications given in Annex E of the CISPR 25 specification. With respect to the maximum DUT size, similar considerations as mentioned above can be applied. However CISPR 25 specifies an allowed working region which is 18cm x 18cm and located as per the screenshot below. Of course, similar considerations can be applied to the TBTC1.